Home
Volume 23: British Upper Cretaceous Stratigraphy — Chapter 04
 

Click on a chapter to see its illustrations.
Chap 01
17 figures
1 table
Chap 02
49 figures
0 tables
Chap 03
130 figures
1 table
Chap 04
36 figures
0 tables
Chap 05
31 figures
0 tables
Chap 06
35 figures
1 table

Figure 4.1
Location of GCR sites (bold type), and other sites also mentioned in the text, in the Transitional Chalk Province of England.

GCRv23c04f001
Thumbnail (30kb)
LoResJPEG (266kb)
HiResJPEG (1,614kb)
CorelDraw v12 (210kb)

Figure 4.2
Chalk succession exposed in Chinnor Chalk Pit, Oxfordshire (* = inferred zones based on other sections and associated fossils). (After Sumbler and Woods, 1992.)

GCRv23c04f002
Thumbnail (26kb)
LoResJPEG (179kb)
HiResJPEG (1,294kb)
CorelDraw v12 (44kb)

Figure 4.3
Correlation of the Cenomanian Grey Chalk Subgroup from Chinnor Chalk Pit to other sites in the Transitional Province and a comparison with the Folkestone standard section. (G = Glauconitic Marl; JB7 = Jukes-Browne Bed 7; M3 = marker horizon 3 of Gale, 1989.)

GCRv23c04f003
Thumbnail (25kb)
LoResJPEG (327kb)
HiResJPEG (1,870kb)
CorelDraw v12 (48kb)

Figure 4.4
The Chalk succession exposed at Fognam Quarry, a key section for Chalk Rock stratigraphy. Compare with Charnage Down Chalk Pit (Figure 3.41, Chapter 3) and Kensworth Chalk Pit (Figure 4.21).

GCRv23c04f004
Thumbnail (29kb)
LoResJPEG (184kb)
HiResJPEG (1,370kb)
CorelDraw v12 (138kb)

Figure 4.5
The ‘high’ Chalk of Norwich and north Norfolk based on Peake and Hancock (1961, 1970); Wood (1988); Johansen and Surlyk (1990); and Christensen (1995, 1999).

GCRv23c04f005
Thumbnail (26kb)
LoResJPEG (326kb)
HiResJPEG (2,319kb)
CorelDraw v12 (128kb)

Figure 4.6
Location of Fognam Quarry (Fognam Farm), near Lambourn, Berkshire.

GCRv23c04f006
Thumbnail (29kb)
LoResJPEG (126kb)
HiResJPEG (324kb)
CorelDraw v12 (52kb)

Figure 4.7
Location of Boxford Chalk Pit and Winterbourne Chalk Pit in the River Lambourn valley north of Newbury. (BH=Boreholes with geophysical logs that extend the stratigraphy to the Chalk Rock and below.)

GCRv23c04f007
Thumbnail (31kb)
LoResJPEG (214kb)
HiResJPEG (479kb)
CorelDraw v12 (83kb)

Figure 4.8
Stratigraphy at Boxford Chalk Pit. Hardgrounds, channels and slump beds in the Seaford Chalk Formation. (After Jarvis and Woodruff, 1981, fig. 2.)

GCRv23c04f008
Thumbnail (34kb)
LoResJPEG (197kb)
HiResJPEG (537kb)
CorelDraw v12 (83kb)

Figure 4.9
Boxford Chalk Pit, Berkshire, showing the outlines of the slump-folded hardgrounds. Width of section illustrated, approximately 10 m. (Based on photographs kindly supplied by Professor A. Gale.)

GCRv23c04f009
Thumbnail (27kb)
LoResJPEG (774kb)
HiResJPEG (367kb)
TIFF (673kb)
GCRv23c04f009_overlay
Thumbnail (28kb)
LoResJPEG (644kb)
HiResJPEG (517kb)
TIFF (2,226kb)

Figure 4.10
Chalk succession exposed at Winterbourne Chalk Pit near Newbury, Berkshire. (After Jarvis and Woodroof 1981, fig. 5.)

GCRv23c04f010
Thumbnail (28kb)
LoResJPEG (190kb)
HiResJPEG (313kb)
CorelDraw v12 (65kb)

Figure 4.11
General geology in the vicinity of South Lodge Pit, Taplow.

GCRv23c04f011
Thumbnail (34kb)
LoResJPEG (223kb)
HiResJPEG (911kb)
CorelDraw v12 (104kb)

Figure 4.12
South Lodge Pit, Taplow, as exposed in 1905. (After White and Treacher, 1905, fig. 1.)

GCRv23c04f012
Thumbnail (24kb)
LoResJPEG (473kb)
HiResJPEG (1,022kb)
CorelDraw v12 (154kb)

Figure 4.13
The Chalk succession at South Lodge Pit, Taplow.

GCRv23c04f013
Thumbnail (28kb)
LoResJPEG (210kb)
HiResJPEG (1,336kb)
CorelDraw v12 (172kb)

Figure 4.14
South Lodge Pit, Taplow, Berkshire, November 1999. (a) Bluff A, showing a pipe with reworked phosphates (arrowed). (b) The base of Bluff A with Lower Phosphatic Chalk and Upper Phosphatic Chalk underlain by flints and marls (arrowed). (c, d) Bluff C. The uppermost beds (c) display sponge nodular horizons. The Upper (c) and Lower (d) Taplow Hardgrounds are orange-stained, glauconitized and phosphatized. (Photos: R.N. Mortinore.)

GCRv23c04f014
Thumbnail (33kb)
LoResJPEG (737kb)
HiResJPEG (1,693kb)
TIFF (7,522kb)
GCRv23c04f014a
Thumbnail (35kb)
LoResJPEG (574kb)
HiResJPEG (506kb)
TIFF (844kb)
GCRv23c04f014b
Thumbnail (36kb)
LoResJPEG (569kb)
HiResJPEG (506kb)
TIFF (847kb)
GCRv23c04f014c
Thumbnail (40kb)
LoResJPEG (480kb)
HiResJPEG (547kb)
TIFF (925kb)
GCRv23c04f014d
Thumbnail (33kb)
LoResJPEG (460kb)
HiResJPEG (375kb)
TIFF (655kb)

Figure 4.15
(a, b) Chalk geology exposed in the M40 Aston Rowant Cutting. (Photos: (a) R.N. Mortimore; (b) C.J. Wood.)

GCRv23c04f015
Thumbnail (33kb)
LoResJPEG (380kb)
HiResJPEG (1,429kb)
TIFF (6,459kb)
GCRv23c04f015a
Thumbnail (28kb)
LoResJPEG (428kb)
HiResJPEG (323kb)
TIFF (600kb)
GCRv23c04f015b
Thumbnail (27kb)
LoResJPEG (514kb)
HiResJPEG (415kb)
TIFF (744kb)

Figure 4.16
Aston Rowant Cutting, Chalk Rock. (a) Top Rock and the marker flint above Top Rock. (b) Details of the hardgrounds comprising the Chalk Rock in the Aston Rowant cuttings. (Photos: C.J. Wood.)

GCRv23c04f016
Thumbnail (37kb)
LoResJPEG (469kb)
HiResJPEG (2,073kb)
TIFF (8,226kb)
GCRv23c04f016a
Thumbnail (33kb)
LoResJPEG (669kb)
HiResJPEG (525kb)
TIFF (860kb)
GCRv23c04f016b
Thumbnail (38kb)
LoResJPEG (604kb)
HiResJPEG (488kb)
TIFF (766kb)

Figure 4.17
Simplified geological section of the M40 Aston Rowant Cutting, Oxfordshire,constructed from field measurements and depths to marker beds in the original site investigation trial shafts.

GCRv23c04f017
Thumbnail (25kb)
LoResJPEG (391kb)
HiResJPEG (913kb)
CorelDraw v12 (29kb)

Figure 4.18
Chalk succession exposed in the M40 Aston Rowant (Stokenchurch) cutting.

GCRv23c04f018
Thumbnail (27kb)
LoResJPEG (186kb)
HiResJPEG (1,189kb)
CorelDraw v12 (116kb)

Figure 4.19
The Chinnor quarries, Oxfordshire, exposing the Grey Chalk Subgroup and basal units of the White Chalk Subgroup.

GCRv23c04f019
Thumbnail (26kb)
LoResJPEG (570kb)
HiResJPEG (2,184kb)
CorelDraw v12 (51kb)

Figure 4.20
Location of Kensworth Chalk Pit, Bedfordshire, and adjacent sections.

GCRv23c04f020
Thumbnail (25kb)
LoResJPEG (105kb)
HiResJPEG (703kb)
CorelDraw v12 (68kb)

Figure 4.21
The Chalk succession at Kensworth Chalk Pit, where the inter-basinal Turonian marker marl seams are present and the northward change in development of the Chalk Rock and Top Rock is illustrated.

GCRv23c04f021
Thumbnail (29kb)
LoResJPEG (197kb)
HiResJPEG (1,709kb)
CorelDraw v12 (229kb)

Figure 4.22
Barrington Chalk Pit, Cambridgeshire.

GCRv23c04f022
Thumbnail (30kb)
LoResJPEG (173kb)
HiResJPEG (434kb)
CorelDraw v12 (66kb)

Figure 4.23
Barrington Chalk Pit, Cambridgeshire: a classic locality for the Cambridge Greensand and Totternhoe Stone. Photomosaic: R.N. Mortimore.)

GCRv23c04f023
Thumbnail (24kb)
LoResJPEG (1,140kb)
HiResJPEG (543kb)
TIFF (1,039kb)
GCRv23c04f023_overlay
Thumbnail (36kb)
LoResJPEG (413kb)
HiResJPEG (1,189kb)
TIFF (2,334kb)

Figure 4.24
The location of Caistor St Edmund Chalk Pit and Catton Grove Chalk Pit, and other sections mentioned in the text, around Norwich, Norfolk. (After Cox et al., 1989.)

GCRv23c04f024
Thumbnail (29kb)
LoResJPEG (388kb)
HiResJPEG (5,075kb)
CorelDraw v12 (104kb)

Figure 4.25
The Campanian Chalk (White Chalk Subgroup) at Caistor St Edmund Chalk Pit, Norwich (see Figure 4.24 for location). (Letters T–Z for flint bands are those of Peake and Hancock, 1961; numbers 1–15 are those of Wood, 1988.)

GCRv23c04f025
Thumbnail (31kb)
LoResJPEG (162kb)
HiResJPEG (589kb)
CorelDraw v12 (95kb)

Figure 4.26
The Campanian Chalk (White Chalk Subgroup) at Catton Grove Chalk Pit, Norwich, and nearby exposures (see Figure 4.24 for locations). (Letters A–H for flint bands are those of Peake and Hancock, 1970; numbers 1–10 are those of Wood, 1988.)

GCRv23c04f026
Thumbnail (25kb)
LoResJPEG (201kb)
HiResJPEG (828kb)
CorelDraw v12 (108kb)

Figure 4.27
The Overstrand to Trimingham Chalk exposures in ice-rafted masses, north Norfolk coast.

GCRv23c04f027
Thumbnail (29kb)
LoResJPEG (321kb)
HiResJPEG (1,862kb)
CorelDraw v12 (108kb)

Figure 4.28
Composite, simplified section for the latest Campanian and Lower Maastrichtian of the Chalk between Overstrand and Trimingham, north Norfolk coast. (P and Q are marker flint bands of Peake and Hancock (1961, 1970); * = Brydone’s terms.)

GCRv23c04f028
Thumbnail (28kb)
LoResJPEG (194kb)
HiResJPEG (1,381kb)
CorelDraw v12 (52kb)

Figure 4.29
The Overstrand Hotel Chalk Masses, incorporated in Quaternary sediments and partly landslipped Overstrand Cliffs, north Norfolk coast. All the masses are in the Sidestrand Chalk Member. (Photomosaic: R.N. Mortimore.)

GCRv23c04f029
Thumbnail (25kb)
LoResJPEG (623kb)
HiResJPEG (444kb)
TIFF (1,050kb)
GCRv23c04f029_overlay
Thumbnail (33kb)
LoResJPEG (251kb)
HiResJPEG (1,037kb)
TIFF (5,630kb)

Figure 4.30
Mass 1 (Overstrand Hotel Lower Mass) containing the Overstrand and Sidestrand marl seams and the Campanian–Maastrichtian boundary. (Photos: R.N. Mortimore.)

GCRv23c04f030
Thumbnail (39kb)
LoResJPEG (437kb)
HiResJPEG (1,001kb)
TIFF (4,899kb)
GCRv23c04f030a
Thumbnail (34kb)
LoResJPEG (425kb)
HiResJPEG (389kb)
TIFF (674kb)
GCRv23c04f030b
Thumbnail (33kb)
LoResJPEG (393kb)
HiResJPEG (365kb)
TIFF (688kb)
GCRv23c04f030c
Thumbnail (34kb)
LoResJPEG (268kb)
HiResJPEG (357kb)
TIFF (670kb)
GCRv23c04f030d
Thumbnail (35kb)
LoResJPEG (294kb)
HiResJPEG (386kb)
TIFF (705kb)

Figure 4.31
Two components of the Sidestrand Western Mass enfolded in Quaternary sediments, Sidestrand beach, north Norfolk coast. The upper part is thrust over the lower part and contains the Sidestrand Marl at its base. (Photomosaic: R.N. Mortimore.)

GCRv23c04f031
Thumbnail (24kb)
LoResJPEG (315kb)
HiResJPEG (238kb)
TIFF (1,067kb)
GCRv23c04f031_overlay
Thumbnail (27kb)
LoResJPEG (312kb)
HiResJPEG (354kb)
TIFF (2,398kb)

Figure 4.32
Stratigraphy of the Overstrand Hotel Lower Mass (Mass 1).

GCRv23c04f032
Thumbnail (27kb)
LoResJPEG (105kb)
HiResJPEG (597kb)
CorelDraw v12 (47kb)

Figure 4.33
Stratigraphy of the Sidestrand Western Mass.

GCRv23c04f033
Thumbnail (26kb)
LoResJPEG (109kb)
HiResJPEG (601kb)
CorelDraw v12 (52kb)

Figure 4.34
Little Marl Point, Trimingham near Mundesley, north Norfolk coast. The uppermost Maastrichtian exposed in the onshore succession (as an ice-rafted block). Letters refer to the beds identified by Peake and Hancock (1961, 1970). Belemnella sumensis is abundant throughout this exposure except in the sponge beds at the base of the section. (a) Composite photograph. (b) Oyster-rich Chalk. (Photomosaic: R.N. Mortimore.)

GCRv23c04f034
Thumbnail (29kb)
LoResJPEG (358kb)
HiResJPEG (978kb)
TIFF (2,484kb)
GCRv23c04f034a
Thumbnail (23kb)
LoResJPEG (799kb)
HiResJPEG (611kb)
TIFF (1,533kb)
GCRv23c04f034b
Thumbnail (31kb)
LoResJPEG (322kb)
HiResJPEG (312kb)
TIFF (607kb)

Figure 4.35
Folding picked out by flint bands within the rafted Ostrea lunata Chalk masses exposed in the foreshore at Trimingham, August 1949, north Norfolk Coast. (From Sainty, 1949, pl. 7.)

GCRv23c04f035
Thumbnail (24kb)
LoResJPEG (744kb)
HiResJPEG (123kb)
TIFF (173kb)

Figure 4.36
Sections in the highest onshore chalk in England at Trimingham.

GCRv23c04f036
Thumbnail (28kb)
LoResJPEG (190kb)
HiResJPEG (1,519kb)
CorelDraw v12 (77kb)

XML solutions by J S Publications